Shaikh Salih al-Fawzaan:
Questioner 1: There is someone who has made a fourth category for
Tawheed and called it Tawheed al-Haakimiyyah
Shaikh Fawzaan: [interjecting]... This is misguidance..., this is misguidance.
This is misguidance and an [unnecessary] addition, which the people of knowledge have not affirmed. Tawheed is but two or
three categories... this is contradictory, one person says Tawheed is only one category and another says it is four categories.
All of this is misguidance.
Questioner 1: This person’s evidence is that the basis for this categorisation...
Fawzaan: [interjecting]... [words unclear].. Tawheed ul-Haakimiyyah an independent category and it does not enter into Tawheed
ul-Uloohiyyah? It enters into Tawheed ul-Uloohiyyah! It is a type of worship and is a type of devotion to Allaah, the Mighty
Questioner 2: He says that these three categorisations, al-Uloohiyyah, ar-Ruboobiyyah and al-Asmaa was-Sifaat,
he says that this is a matter which is arrived at by the ijtihaad of the scholars, or by way of investigation and analysis
Shaikh Fawzaan: That is sufficient for us, we will not add to what they have unanimously agreed
upon, and they agree upon this.. [then] there comes an ignoramus in the twentieth century... he says ‘I am a Mujtahid
and I will add to what the People of Knowledge have agreed upon’. This is misguidance...Questioner 2: [interjecting]...
Fawzaan:This is clear error! Because al-Haakimiyyah enters into Tawheed ul-Uloohiyyah. Who has made it another category or
made it an independent category? Will he make the prayer into a fifth or sixth category and jihaad a seventh category? [Because]
all of the types of worship are from the types of Tawheed? This is not correct...
Questioner 2: So this is an innovated
saying, this saying [Tawheed ul-Haakimiyyah]?
Shaikh Fawzaan: Yes, there is no doubt in this, it is in opposition to
the Ijmaa [of Ahl us-Sunnah]. None of the people of knowledge have ever spoken with it. It is in opposition to the Ijmaa.”
Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen:
Shaikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-’Uthaimeen was asked concerning this, and he replied
“Whoever claims that there is a fourth category of tawheed under the title ‘Tawheed al-Haakimiyyah’
is to be counted as an innovator (mubtadi’). So this is an innovated categorisation which emanates from an ignorant
person who does not understand anything of the affairs of ‘aqeedah and the deen. This is because ‘al-Haakimiyyah’
falls within Tawheedur-Ruboobiyyah from the aspect that Allaah decrees whatever He wills.
It also enters under Tawheedur-Ruboobiyyah
in that the servant must worship Allaah according to what He has decreed. So it does not fall outside the three categories
of tawheed, which are: Tawheedur-Ruboobiyyah, Tawheedul-Uloohiyyah and Tawheedul-Asmaa was-Sifaat.”
asked, ‘How are we to rebut them?’ he replied:
“We rebut them by saying to them, ‘What does
‘al-Haakimiyyah’ mean?’ It does not mean except their saying that judgement is for Allaah alone ‘
and that is Tawheedur-Ruboobiyyah. So Allaah, He is the Lord, the Creator, the Sovereign Owner, the One in control of the
affairs. But as for what they intend by it and an explanation of the danger of this idea of theirs, then we do not know their
intentions and desire, so therefore we cannot estimate the seriousness of this matter.’
Taken from ‘al-Muslimoon,’
no. 639, 25th of Dhul-Hijjah 1417H which corresponds to Friday the 2nd of May 1997.
Muhammad Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee was asked, “Our Shaikh, may Allaah bless you, the scholars of the Salaf, may Allaah
have mercy upon them, mention that Tawheed is of three types: ‘ar-Ruboobiyyah,’ ‘al-Uloohiyyah’ and
‘al-Asmaa was-Sifaat,’ so is it correct for us to say that there is a fourth Tawheed that is ‘Tawheedul-Haakimiyyah’
or ‘Tawheed of Judgement?’ So he replied:
“‘Al-Haakimiyyah’ is a branch of the branches
of Tawheedul-Uloohiyyah, and those who focus their attention upon this newly invented saying in the present age use it as
a weapon not to teach the Muslims the Tawheed that all of the Prophets and Messengers came with, but rather as apolitical
weapon. So if you wish I will establish for you what I have just said, even though this question has repeatedly been answered
by me, many times - or if you wish we will continue upon our topic.
I have said in similar circumstances, as support
for what I have just said, that usage of the word ‘al-Haakimyyah’ is part of the political da’wah that is
particular to some of the parties present today; and I will mention here something that occurred between myself and someone
who gave the khutbah in one of the mosques of Damascus. So on the day of Jumu’ah he gave a khutbah which was all about
judgement being for Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. But this person made an error with regard to a matter of fiqh. So after
he had finished the prayer I went forward to him and gave him ‘salaam,’ and said to him, ‘O my brother,
you did so and so, and that is contrary to the Sunnah.’ So he said to me, ‘I am a Hanafee, and the Hanafee madhhab
says what I have done.’ So I said, ‘Subhaanallaah! You have given khutbah that judgement is just for Allaah, the
Mighty and Majestic, but you only use this word to attack those rulers whom you think are Unbelievers because they do not
rule according to the Islamic Sharee’ah. But you have forgotten about yourselves - that Allaah’s judgement covers
every Muslim. So why, when I say to you that the Messenger did so and so, why do you say, ‘But my madhhab is such and
such.’ Then you have contradicted that which you call the people to.’
So if it were not for the fact that
they use this saying as a tool for political propaganda of theirs, then we would say, ‘This is our merchandise that
has been returned to us.’
Taken from ‘al-Muslimoon,’ no. 639, 25th of Dhul-Hijjah 1417H which corresponds
to Friday the 2nd of May 1997.
Also Alaamah Abdur-Rahman al-Ghudayaan from the lajnah ad-Daimah has said
|"It is not permissible to deny Tawheed al-Haakimiyyah, for it is from the types of Tawheed. But it falls
under Tawheed al-‘Ibaadah with regards to the ruler himself as a person. With regards to it meaning Tawheed, then it
falls under ar-Ruboobeeyyah, because the Ruler is Allaah. So it should be that the Rabb is the Muttasarrif (Controller of
affairs), He is the One who has the Hukm, so it falls under Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiyyah with regards to ruling, ordering, prohibiting,
and carrying out, whereas regards to application and action then the slave is responsible for following the Hukm of Allaah,
so then it is from Tawheed Al-‘Ibaadah in this sense. And making it into a fourth category doesn’t make sense
because it falls into the three categories. And the division without a reason is a cause of extra words which are not needed,
and it is a simple matter anyway. If he makes it a separate category then he is being redundant, and there is no harm it."
More from Saalih al-Fawzaan
Mistakes in the Division of Tawheed
And there are those from our present time that divide Tawheed
into four categories so they say, Tawheed is four categories:
1. Tawheed Ar Rubboobiyyah
2. Tawheed Al Uloohiyyah
3. Tawheed Al Asmaa was Sifaat and
4. Tawheed Al Haakimiyyah.
And they base their claim upon their statement that
the division of Tawheed is traditional and it is not terminated (at the three known divisions). So, there is no prohibition
on adding to the three.
And it is said to this : The division is not Traditional, but indeed it returns to the Book
and the Sunnah. And the salaf whenever they divided Tawheed into three divisions they extracted them from the Kitaab and the
As for al-Haakimiyyah, then it is truthful. It is obligatory that the rulings return to the shar’iah
of Allah , the Exalted and Most High, but this is included in Tawheed al-Ibaadah (al-Uloohiyyah), because it is obedience
to Allah, the Exalted and Most High, and the salaf did not neglect Tawheed al-Haakimiyyah because of which we need someone
to come later than them and add it, but they considered it included in Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah! Because from the worshipping
of Allah, the Exalted and Most High, is obedience to Him on the rulings of His shar’iah, so it is not made a separate
category. And if this was not the case, it would have been upon us to make as-Salaah(prayers) a separate cateroy, from the
categories of Tawheed, and az-Zakaah (charity requreid from those who fulfill certain conditions) as a category and as-Siyaam
(fasting) as a category and al-Hajj (pilgrimate to the House of Allah in Makkah) as a category and all the different types
of worship would have been made categories of Tawheed, and Tawheed would’ve had an amount of categories which will never
end! And this is wrong. But all the categories of Ibaadah (worship) are included in one category and that is Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah,
for verily, it gathers all of that together in itself and it prohibits the entrance of other than that.
And from them
are those who add a fifth category to the fourth one and they name it ittibaa ar-Rasool (obedience to the Messenger (saw)),
and this is wrong. For the obedience to the Messenger is truthful and necessary, but, obedience to the Messenger is requisite
of Tawheed and because of this the shahaadah (testimony, to testity) that nothing is worthy of worship except Allah is not
correct, except with the shahaadah that Muhammad (saw) is his Messenger. So a requisite of the shahaadah of Allah with Tawheed
is the shahaadah for the Messenger (saw) with messengership. And this is a requisite of Tawheed, and not a separate category
of Tawheed. And one who opposes at-Tawheed , he is called a Mushrik (one who associates with Allah in Tawheed) or a Kaafir
(someone who is made aware of the message of Islaam but refuses to worship Allaah , a disbeliever) , and one who opposes this
obedience (to the Messenger) then he becomes a Mubtadi’a (innovator).
These are the sayings of those who oppose
Ahlus Sunnah, in the division of Tawheed, and they are either a Mufrit or a Mufarrit.
The Mufrit is the one who adds
to the three divisions of Tawheed, and the Mufarrit is one constrains it to one category.and ignores the rest; in fact ignores
the most important of them, the category which has been demanded (from the creation), and that is tawheed al-Uloohiyyah.
for Tawheed ar-Rubboobiyyah, so then all of the ummahs (nations) have confessed to its (truthfulness). No one denies it except
the abnormal ones from the creation, who have denied it out of pride and stubbornness, despite the fact that they know this
(to be the truth) in the depths of their souls. So all of the creation acknowledge that indeed Allah is the creator, the provider,
the ever living that never dies, the disposer of affaris but this is not the Tawheed which has been demanded (from the creation).
1 This section is taken from Duroos min al-Qur'ann al-Kareem by Shaykh Salih Fawzaan bin Fawzaan
It is underastood that Haakimiyyah is part of the conceptualization of tawheed and must not be denied.
The problem that results from what the majors scholars have explained, is that certain people use this propagation for the
establishment for matters that have no connection with the Quraan and Sunnah and use this noble concept for the establishement
of their mufasida (evils) and hawaa.